Rajaji National Park is a magnificent wildlife sanctuary located in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It was established in 1983 and is named after the famous Indian freedom fighter and statesman, C. Rajagopalachari. The park is spread over an area of 820 square kilometers and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. It is one of the most popular national parks in India and is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.
Location and Accessibility
Rajaji National Park is located in the foothills of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas and is spread across three districts of Uttarakhand – Dehradun, Haridwar, and Pauri Garhwal. It is easily accessible by road, rail, and air.
By Road: The park is well-connected by road, and buses and taxis are available from major cities such as Delhi, Dehradun, and Haridwar.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Haridwar, which is around 35 kilometers from the park. Trains from major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata stop at Haridwar.
By Air: The nearest airport is Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun, which is around 45 kilometers from the park. Flights from major cities such as Delhi and Mumbai are available to Jolly Grant Airport.
Flora and Fauna
Rajaji National Park is known for its diverse range of flora and fauna. The park is home to over 300 species of birds, including the great hornbill, crested serpent eagle, and kingfisher. It is also home to several species of mammals, including the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Asiatic elephant, and sloth bear. Other animals that can be spotted in the park include the sambar deer, barking deer, and wild boar.
The park is also known for its rich biodiversity and is home to a wide range of plant species. The park has over 600 species of plants, including sal, teak, bamboo, and medicinal plants.
Safari and Wildlife Watching
The best way to explore Rajaji National Park is by taking a safari. The park offers both jeep and elephant safaris, which provide visitors with a unique opportunity to see the park’s wildlife up close.
Jeep Safari: Jeep safaris are the most popular way to explore the park. The safaris are conducted by experienced guides who take visitors deep into the park’s forests, where they can spot a wide range of wildlife.
Elephant Safari: Elephant safaris are a unique way to explore the park. The safaris are conducted by trained mahouts who take visitors on an unforgettable journey through the park’s forests.
Bird Watching: Rajaji National Park is a paradise for bird watchers. The park has over 300 species of birds, including several rare and endangered species. Visitors can spot birds such as the great hornbill, crested serpent eagle, and kingfisher.
Rajaji National Park has several accommodation options for visitors. These include government-run rest houses, private resorts, and campsites. The accommodation options range from basic to luxurious, and visitors can choose the one that suits their needs and budget.
Rajaji National Park is a paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. It offers visitors a chance to explore the natural beauty of the Himalayan foothills and witness some of India’s most majestic animals in their natural habitat. Whether you’re looking for a thrilling safari, a peaceful trek, or a spiritual experience, Rajaji National Park has something for everyone.